The war was inconvenient for the USSR, which had aimed to ally itself with both Iran and Iraq. The Iraq-Iran War (1980-1988) On 22 September 1980, Iraqi troops invaded Iran, starting a war that would last for eight years.

Endnotes 1 Janet Lang et al, Becoming Enemies: U.S.-Iran Relations and the Iran-Iraq War, 1979-1988 (Plymouth, Rowman & Littlefield, 2012), ix. On April 14, 1988, the frigate USS Samuel B. Roberts had run into an Iranian mine while attempting to extricate herself from a minefield. Iran refused.
The 1988 executions of Iranian political prisoners was a series of state-sponsored execution of political prisoners across Iran, starting on 19 July 1988 and lasting for approximately five months. On April 18, 1988, the US Navy retaliated against the Navy of Iran in response to the USS Samuel Roberts being damaged by a mine. The first Gulf War, better known as the Iraq-Iran War – the ‘Imposed War’, as the Iranian authorities came to call it – was one of the longest and most atrocious inter-state conflicts since the end of World War II.

President Ali Khamenei visits an Iran-Iraq war battlefield, August 1988.. By - CC BY 4.0 While news of wars throughout the global south often flies in and out of Western headlines with little fanfare or attention, the Iraqi invasion of Iran grabbed the attention of the Western press immediately. In July 1982 Iran launched Operation Ramadan on Iraqi territory, near Basra. Both Iran and Iraq had accepted Resolution 598, but despite the ceasefire, after seeing Iraqi victories in the previous months, Mujahadeen-e-Khalq (MEK) decided to launch an attack of its own and wished to advance all the way to Teheran.

In 1988, the United States launched Operation Praying Mantis against Iran, claiming that it was retaliation for the Iranian mining of areas of the Persian Gulf as part of the Iran–Iraq War.

Open warfare began on September 22, 1980, when Iraqi armed forces invaded western Iran along the countries’ joint border, though Iraq claimed that the war had begun earlier that month, on September 4, when Iran shelled a number of border posts. Define 1980-1988 Iran-Iraq War. The American attack was the largest American naval combat operation since World War II. The Iran-Iraq War of 1980 to 1988 was a grinding, bloody, and in the end, completely pointless conflict. The United States helped Saddam Hussein attack Iran with chemical weapons in the 1980s during the Iran-Iraq war, it has been claimed.
The Second Battle of al-Faw (also known as the Operation Ramadan Mubarak (Blessed Ramadan)), fought on 17 April 1988, was a major battle of the Iran–Iraq War. In late June 1982, Baghdad stated its willingness to negotiate a settlement of the war and to withdraw its forces from Iran.

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